New Arrivals · Mathematics & Physics

January 16, 2018
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Measuring

January 15, 2018
Brundle, Joanna, author.
New York : KidHaven Publishing, 2018.
24 pages : color illustrations ; 23 x 29 cm
Measuring is a challenging math skill, but it is also an important one. Early learners are introduced to basic measurement concepts that they can explore on their own or with an adult. Simple, clear text explains different units of measurement, supporting essential math curriculum topics. Familiar examples presented with full-color photographs help readers understand how to apply what they have learned in the world around them. Young readers will become measuring masters in no time thanks to these engaging and relatable examples. Activities, Detailed Table of Contents, Full-Color Photographs.

Easy algebra step-by-step : master high-frequency concepts and skills for algebra proficiency, fast!

January 10, 2018
McCune, Sandra K., author.
©2018
ix, 289 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Includes index.
Numbers of algebra -- Computation with real numbers -- Roots and radicals -- Exponentiation -- Order of operations -- Algebraic expressions -- Rules for exponents -- Adding and subtracting polynomials -- Multiplying polynomials -- Simplifying polynomial expressions -- Dividing polynomials -- Factoring polynomials -- Rational expressions -- Solving linear equations and inequalities -- Solving quadratic equations -- The cartesian coordinate plane -- Graphing linear equations -- The equation of a line -- Basic function concepts -- Systems of equations -- Signal words and phrases -- Word problems.
The fastest way to learn algebra is to build a solid foundation in the basics. Inside this book you won't find a lot of endless drills. Instead, you get an original, step-by-step approach to learning algebra. In your first steps, you are introduced to essential concepts, allowing you to grasp the subject almost immediately. You will gradually progress to more challenging skills. Along the way, the authors show you how to solve practical problems using clear, step-by-step instructions. Exercises for each section, with detailed, worked-out solutions, will let you check your progress. In no time at all, you will have acquired the knowledge and skills you need to solve algebraic problems with confidence. --Publisher

The last man who knew everything : the life and times of Enrico Fermi, father of the nuclear age

January 3, 2018
Schwartz, David N., 1956- author.
©2017
xxiii, 453 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Part one: Becoming Fermi. Prodigy ; Pisa ; Germany and Holland ; Quantum breakthroughs ; Of geckos and men -- Part two: The Rome years. Family life ; The Rome School ; Beta rays ; Goldfish ; Physics as soma ; The Nobel Prize -- Part three: The Manhattan Project. The New World ; Splitting the atom ; Fermi meets the Navy ; Piles of graphite ; The move to Chicago ; "We're cookin'!" ; Xenon-135 ; On a mesa ; An unholy Trinity -- Part four: The Chicago years. Return to Chicago ; In the public eye ; A patent fight ; Brilliant teacher, beloved mentor ; Travels abroad ; Home to die ; Fermi's legacy.
"In December 1942, a team at the University of Chicago achieved a milestone in human history: a nuclear chain reaction. At the forefront of this breakthrough stood Enrico Fermi, the father of the nuclear age. But as David N. Schwartz shows in this groundbreaking biography, Fermi's impact goes well beyond this epochal event. With his theory of beta decay and his development of quantum statistics, Fermi revolutionized modern physics. Straddling the classical and quantum ages, equally at ease with elegant mathematics and grubby experiments, Fermi truly was the last man who knew everything--at least about physics. In [this book], Schwartz draws from newly discovered archival material and exclusive interviews with those who knew Fermi to reveal the complex figure behind these historic contributions. A reluctant member of the Italian Fascist party, Fermi escaped to New York when Mussolini promulgated a series of anti-Semitic laws that put his wife, Laura, at risk. A citizen of an Axis power at the heart of the US government's most secret war effort, the Manhattan Project, he became one of its leading lights. A less-than-ideal father and husband, he was nevertheless one of history's greatest scientific mentors and teachers. He was also a deep thinker, as perspicacious about extraterrestrial life as he was about quantum field theory. The Last Man Who Knew Everything brings Fermi's brilliant, complex genius to life in a profound and consuming read."--Dust jacket flap.

Significant figures : the lives and work of great mathematicians

December 19, 2017
Stewart, Ian, 1945- author.
©2017
vi, 303 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm
Do not disturb my circles : Archimedes -- Master of the Way : Liu Hui -- Dixit algorismi : Muhammad al-Khwarizmi -- Innovator of the infinite : Madhava of Sangamagrama -- The gambling astrologer : Girolamo Cardano -- The last theorem : Pierre de Fermat -- System of the world : Isaac Newton -- Master of us all : Leonhard Euler -- The heat operator : Joseph Fourier -- Invisible scaffolding : Carl Friedrich Gauss -- Bending the rules : Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky -- Radicals and revolutionaries : Évariste Galois -- Enchantress of a number : Augusta Ada King -- The laws of thought : George Boole -- Musician of the primes : Bernhard Riemann -- Cardinal of the continuum : Georg Cantor -- The first great lady : Sofia Kovalevskaia -- Ideas rose in crowds : Henri Poincaré -- We must know, we shall know : David Hilbert -- Overthrowing academic order : Emmy Noether -- The formula man : Srinivasa Ramanujan -- Incomplete and undecidable : Kurt Gödel -- The machine stops : Alan Turing -- Father of fractals : Benoit Mandelbrot -- Outside in : William Thurston -- Mathematical people.
A celebrated mathematician traces the history of math through the lives and work of twenty-five pioneering mathematicians. In Significant Figures, acclaimed mathematician Ian Stewart introduces the visionaries of mathematics throughout history. Delving into the lives of twenty-five great mathematicians, Stewart examines the roles they played in creating, inventing, and discovering the mathematics we use today. Through these short biographies, we get acquainted with the history of mathematics from Archimedes to Benoit Mandelbrot, and learn about those too often left out of the cannon, such as Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780-850), the creator of algebra, and Augusta Ada King (1815-1852), Countess of Lovelace, the world's first computer programmer. Tracing the evolution of mathematics over the course of two millennia, Significant Figures will educate and delight aspiring mathematicians and experts alike.

The ascent of gravity : the quest to understand the force that explains everything

December 8, 2017
Chown, Marcus, author.
©2017
xviii, 267 pages ; 24 cm
Foreword: Six things you may not know about gravity -- Part one: Newton. The Moon is falling ; The last of the magicians ; Beware the tides of March ; Map of the invisible world -- Part two: Einstein. Catch me if you can ; Ode to a falling man ; Where God divided by zero -- Part three: Beyond Einstein. A quantum of space-time ; The undiscovered country.
Discusses the concept of gravity from its earliest recognition in 1666 to the discovery of gravitational waves in 2015, and explains why gravity holds the key to understanding the nature of time and the origin of the universe.

A mathematician's lament

December 6, 2017
Lockhart, Paul.
New York, NY : Bellevue Literary Press, 2009.
140 pages : illustrations ; 19 cm
Lamentation. Mathematics and culture ; Mathematics in school ; The mathematics curriculum ; High school geometry : instrument of the devil -- Exultation.
Lockhart speaks "against the way mathematics is taught in too many schools--as a rigid system of mindless algebraic rules with little meaning and very little beauty. Lockhart who has been a math researcher as well as a K-12 math teacher."--Publisher's description.

Math smart

December 6, 2017
New York : Penguin Random House, [2017]
x, 340 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm.
At head of title: The Princeton review.
"The savvy student's guide to mastering basic math"--Cover.
"Even in a world where every cell phone is also a calculator, basic math competency is a must! In this book, you'll learn how to efficiently solve common problems and effortlessly perform foundational math operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Once you've got that down, we'll go over how to handle the scary stuff—like exponents, square roots, geometry, and algebra. Our user-friendly techniques break complicated problems down into their basic parts, so that you don't waste your time memorizing dozens of long formulas and equations" -- Provided by Amazon.

The quantum labyrinth : how Richard Feynman and John Wheeler revolutionized time and reality

November 3, 2017
Halpern, Paul, 1961- author.
©2017
ix, 311 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Wheeler's watch -- The only particle in the universe -- All the roads not to paradise -- The hidden paths of ghosts -- The island and the mountains: mapping the particle landscape -- Life as an amoeba in the foamy sea of possibilities -- Time's arrow and the mysterious Mr. X -- Minds, machines, and the cosmos -- Conclusion: The way of the labyrinth.
"In Fall 1939, Richard Feynman, a brash and brilliant recent graduate of MIT, arrived in John Wheeler's Princeton office to report for duty as his teaching assistant. The prim and proper Wheeler timed their interaction with a watch placed on the table. Feynman caught on, and for the next meeting brought his own cheap watch, set it on the table next to Wheeler's, and also began timing the chat. The two had a hearty laugh and a lifelong friendship was born. At first glance, they would seem an unlikely pair. Feynman was rough on the exterior, spoke in a working class Queens accent, and loved playing bongo drums, picking up hitchhikers, and exploring out-of-the way places. Wheeler was a family man, spoke softly and politely, dressed in suits, and had the manners of a minister. Yet intellectually, their roles were reversed. Wheeler was a raging nonconformist, full of wild ideas about space, time, and the universe. Feynman was very cautious in his research, wanting to prove and confirm everything himself. Yet when Feynman saw merit in one of Wheeler's crazy ideas and found that it matched experimental data, their joint efforts paid off phenomenally"--Provided by publisher.

Chancing it : the laws of chance and how they can work for you

November 1, 2017
Matthews, Robert, 1959-
New York, NY : Skyhorse Publishing, 2017.
xii, 290 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
First published in Great Britain in 2016 by Profile Books Ltd.
Foreword / by Larry Gonick -- The coin-tossing prisoner of the Nazis -- What the Law of Averages really means -- The dark secret of the Golden Theorem -- What are the chances of that? -- Thinking independently is no yolk -- Random lessons from the lottery -- Warning : there's a lot of X about -- Why the amazing so often turns ho-hum -- If you don't know, go random -- Doing the right thing isn't always ethical -- How a lot of bull sparked a revolution -- How to beat casinos at their own game -- Where wise-guys go wrong -- The Golden Rule of Gambling -- Insure it-- or chance it? -- Making better bets in the Casino of Life -- Tell me straight doc-- what are my chances? -- This is not a drill! : Repeat: this is not a drill! -- The miraculous formula of Reverend Bayes -- When Dr. Turing met Reverend Bayes -- Using Bayes to be a better judge -- A scandal of significance -- Dodging the Amazing Baloney Machine -- Making use of what you already know -- I'm sorry professor, I just don't buy it -- The Amazing Curve for Everything -- The dangers of thinking everything's Normal -- Ugly sisters and evil twins -- Going to extremes -- See a Nicolas Cage movie and die -- We've got to draw the line somewhere -- Playing the markets isn't rocket science -- Beware geeks bearing models.
"Over the years, some very smart people have thought they understood the rules of chance--only to fail dismally. Whether you call it probability, risk, or uncertainty, the workings of chance often defy common sense. Fortunately, advances in math and science have revealed the laws of chance, and understanding those laws can help in your everyday life. In Chancing It, award-winning scientist and writer Robert Matthews shows how to understand the laws of probability and use them to your advantage. He gives you access to some of the most potent intellectual tools ever developed and explains how to use them to guide your judgments and decisions. By the end of the book, you will know: how to understand and even predict coincidences; when an insurance policy is worth having; why "expert" predictions are often misleading; how to tell when a scientific claim is a breakthrough or baloney; when it makes sense to place a bet on anything from sports to stock markets. A groundbreaking introduction to the power of probability, Chancing It will sharpen your decision-making and maximize your luck."--Jacket.

Arithmetic

November 1, 2017
Lockhart, Paul, author.
Cambridge, Massachusetts : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2017.
223 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Includes index.
Things -- Language -- Repetition -- Three tribes -- Egypt -- Rome -- China and Japan -- India -- Europe -- Multiplication -- Division -- Machines -- Fractions -- Negative numbers -- The art of counting.
Educator Paul Lockhart's goal is to demystify arithmetic: to bring the subject to life in a fun and accessible way, and to reveal its profound and simple beauty, as seen through the eyes of a modern research mathematician. The craft of arithmetic arises from our natural desire to count, arrange, and compare quantities. Over the centuries, humans have devised a wide variety of strategies for representing and manipulating numerical information: tally marks, rocks and beads, marked-value and place-value systems, as well as mechanical and electronic calculators. Arithmetic traces the history and development of these various number languages and calculating devices and examines their comparative advantages and disadvantages, providing readers with an opportunity to develop not only their computational skills but also their own personal tastes and preferences. The book is neither a training manual nor an authoritative history, but rather an entertaining survey of ideas and methods for the reader to enjoy and appreciate. Written in a lively conversational style, Arithmetic is a fun and engaging introduction to both practical techniques as well as the more abstract mathematical aspects of the subject.-- Provided by publisher.

The formative years of relativity : the history and meaning of Einstein's Princeton lectures

September 28, 2017
Gutfreund, Hanoch, author.
Princeton : Princeton University Press, [2017]
xiv, 415 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
"Featuring Einstein's Classic Text, The Meaning of Relativity, in its Historical Context" -- title page.
Einstein's first trip to America -- Structure and contents of the meaning of relativity -- Physics and geometry -- The principles of general relativity -- The first solutions and the challenge of their interpretation -- Einstein and astronomers -- The genesis of relativistic cosmology -- The controversy over gravitational waves -- Philosophical debates on general relativity -- The quest for a unified field theory -- Early monographs on relativity -- Beyond the formative years -- Pre-relativity physics -- The theory of special relativity -- The general theory of relativity -- The general theory of relativity (continued).

Ripples in spacetime : Einstein, gravitational waves, and the future of astronomy

September 20, 2017
Schilling, Govert, author.
©2017
xi, 339 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
A spacetime appetizer -- Relatively speaking -- Einstein on trial -- Wave talk and bar fights -- The lives of stars -- Clockwork precision -- Laser quest -- The path to perfection -- Creation stories -- Cold case -- Gotcha -- Black magic -- Nanoscience -- Follow-up questions -- Space invaders -- Surf's up for Einstein wave astronomy.
It has already been called the scientific breakthrough of the century: the detection of gravitational waves. Einstein predicted these tiny ripples in the fabric of spacetime nearly a hundred years ago, but they were never perceived directly until now. Decades in the making, this momentous discovery has given scientists a new understanding of the cataclysmic events that shape the universe and a new confirmation of Einstein's theory of general relativity. Ripples in Spacetime is an engaging account of the international effort to complete Einstein's project, capture his elusive ripples, and launch an era of gravitational-wave astronomy that promises to explain, more vividly than ever before, our universe's structure and origin. The quest for gravitational waves involved years of risky research and many personal and professional struggles that threatened to derail one of the world's largest scientific endeavors. Govert Schilling takes readers to sites where these stories unfolded--including Japan's KAGRA detector, Chile's Atacama Cosmology Telescope, the South Pole's BICEP detectors, and the United States' LIGO labs. He explains the seeming impossibility of developing technologies sensitive enough to detect waves from two colliding black holes in the very distant universe, and describes the astounding precision of the LIGO detectors. Along the way Schilling clarifies concepts such as general relativity, neutron stars, and the big bang using language that readers with little scientific background can grasp.-- Provided by publisher

Number talks. Fractions, decimals, and percentages : a multimedia professional learning resource

September 12, 2017
Parrish, Sherry.
©2016
xliv, 404 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
This resource was created in response to the requests of teachers--those who want to implement number talks but are unsure of how to begin, and those with experience who want more guidance in crafting purposeful problems.

Fields of color : the theory that escaped Einstein

September 8, 2017
Brooks, Rodney Allen, author publisher.
Silver Spring, Maryland : Universal Printing, LLC.
v, 149 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm

Mass : the quest to understand matter from Greek atoms to quantum fields

August 30, 2017
Baggott, J. E., author.
©2017
xvi, 346 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Part I. Atom and void -- The quiet citadel -- Things-in-themselves -- An impression of force -- The sceptical chymists -- Part II. Mass and energy -- A very interesting conclusion -- Incommensurable -- The fabric -- In the heart of darkness -- Part III. Wave and particle -- An act of desperation -- The wave equation -- The only mystery -- Mass bare and dressed -- Part IV. Field and force -- The symmetries of nature -- The Goddamn particle -- The standard model -- Mass without mass.
Everything around us is made of 'stuff', from planets, to books, to our own bodies. Whatever it is, we call it matter or material substance. It is solid; it has mass. But what is matter, exactly? We are taught in school that matter is not continuous, but discrete. As a few of the philosophers of ancient Greece once speculated, nearly two and a half thousand years ago, matter comes in 'lumps', and science has relentlessly peeled away successive layers of matter to reveal its ultimate constituents.

Zapped : from infrared to x-rays, the curious history of invisible light

August 1, 2017
Berman, Bob, author.
New York : Little, Brown and Company, 2017.
vi, 261 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Light fantastic -- Now you see it, now you don't -- The green planet and the red heat -- Hot rays -- Ultraviolet brings the blues -- Danger beyond the violet -- Energy rhythms -- The exploding sun -- No soap -- Turning on and tuning in -- The speed that destroyed space and time -- Microwaves everywhere -- The man with the x-ray vision -- Röntgen rays for everyone -- What's in your basement? -- The atomic quartet -- Gamma rays: the impossible light -- Cell-phone radiation -- Cosmic rays -- Beams from the universe's birth -- Energy from our minds -- Ray guns -- The next frontier: zero-point and dark energies -- Total solar eclipse: when the rays stop -- ET's may be broadcasting, but what's their number? -- Does light have a bright future?
"Zapped tells the story of all the light we cannot see, tracing microwaves, X-rays, gamma rays, radio waves, infrared, ultraviolet, and other forms of radiation from their historic, world-altering discoveries in the nineteenth century to their central role in modern life"--Provided by publisher.

Cracking the AP physics C exam.

July 31, 2017
New York, NY : Random House
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Cracking the AP calculus AB exam.

July 31, 2017
New York, NY : Penguin Random House, Inc.
volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Cracking the AP physics 2 exam.

July 31, 2017
New York, NY : Penguin Random House, c2015-
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Cracking the AP physics 1 exam.

July 31, 2017
New York, NY : Penguin Random House, c2014-
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Cracking the AP statistics exam.

July 28, 2017
New York, NY : Random House,
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Cracking the AP calculus BC exam.

July 28, 2017
New York, NY : Penguin Random House, Inc.
volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Errors, blunders, and lies : how to tell the difference

July 18, 2017
Salsburg, David, 1931- author.
Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2017]
xiii, 154 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
The transit of Venus -- Probability versus likelihood -- The central limit conjecture -- Measuring disease -- Other uses of multilinear models -- When multilinear regression is not adequate -- Correlation versus causation -- Regression and big data -- Contaminated distributions -- The Princeton robustness study -- When the blunder is what you want -- Parsing "blunders" -- The reigns of kings -- Searching for the "real" Davy Crockett -- Detecting falsified counts -- Uncovering secrets -- Errors, blunders, or curbstoning?
We live in a world that is not quite 'right'. The central tenet of statistical inquiry is that Observation = Truth + Error because even the most careful of scientific investigations have always been bedevilled by uncertainty. Our attempts to measure things are plagued with small errors. Our attempts to understand our world are blocked by blunders. And, unfortunately, in some cases, people have been known to lie. In this follow-up to his acclaimed best-seller, The Lady Tasting Tea, David Salsburg opens a door to the widespread use of statistical methods by looking at historical examples of errors, blunders and lies from areas as diverse as archaeology, law, economics, medicine, psychology, sociology, Biblical studies, history, and war-time espionage. In doing so, he shows how, upon closer statistical investigation, errors and blunders often lead to useful information. And how statistical methods have been used to uncover falsified data. Beginning with Edmund Halley's examination of the Transit of Venus and ending with discussions of how many tanks Rommel had during the Second World War and whether modern African censuses contain falsified data, the author invites the reader to come along on this easily-accessible and fascinating journey of how to identify the nature of errors, minimize the effects of blunders, and figure out who the liars are.

Bad choices : how algorithms can help you think smarter and live happier

June 22, 2017
Almossawi, Ali, author.
New York, New York : Viking, [2017]
xi, 145 pages ; 24 cm
Includes index.
Algorithmic thinking in everyday life -- Match those socks -- Find your size -- Pop to the shops -- Bring him home -- Sort that post -- Be more hip -- Update that status -- Get the jobs done -- Fix that necklace -- Locate that box -- Fill those shelves -- Navigate those aisles -- Final thoughts.
An introduction to algorithms and their problem-solving potential in the everyday world outlines alternative methods for managing twelve different scenarios using the same systems that underline a word processor, a Google search engine, or a Facebook ad.

Learning to love math : teaching strategies that change student attitudes and get results

June 16, 2017
Willis, Judy.
Alexandria, Va. : ASCD, ©2010.
x, 195 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Reversing math negativity with an attitude makeover -- Understanding and planning achievable challenge -- Examples of differentiated planning for achievable challenge -- Reducing mistake anxiety -- Change your intelligence? Yes, you can! -- Motivating all of your students -- Bringing the real world to the math classroom -- Creating student goals for motivation.
Dr. Judy Willis presents this informative guide to getting better results in math class. Willis presents a practical approach for how we can improve academic results by demonstrating certain behaviors and teaching students in a way that minimizes negativity.

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